Email updates

Keep up to date with the latest news and content from Trials and BioMed Central.

Open Access Highly Accessed Study protocol

The effect of Baduanjin exercise for physical and psychological wellbeing of college students: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Guohua Zheng1, Moyi Li2, Xiulu Lan2, Xinghui Yan3, Qiu Lin3, Lidian Chen4*, Jing Tao2, Xin Zheng2, Junzhe Li2, Bai Chen2 and Qianying Fang2

Author Affiliations

1 Academy of Integrative Medicine, Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Fuzhou 350122, China

2 Rehabilitation Medicine College, Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Fuzhou 350122, China

3 Department of Physical Education, Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Fuzhou 350122, China

4 Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Fuzhou 350122, China

For all author emails, please log on.

Trials 2013, 14:422  doi:10.1186/1745-6215-14-422

Published: 5 December 2013

Abstract

Background

The physical and mental health of college students tends to continuously decline around the world. Since they are in a significant transition period which presents opportunities and challenges in health promotion, it is important to improve their health in this period. As a traditional Chinese exercise form which combines movements with breath and mind, Baduanjin may be one of the selectable effective exercises. However, evidence of Baduanjin exercise for college students has not been completely established. The primary aim of this trial is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Baduanjin exercise for physical and mental health of college students through a rigorous randomization, parallel-controlled design.

Method/design

We will conduct a randomized, single-blind, parallel-controlled trial. A total of 222 college students from Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine who meet the eligibility criteria will be recruited and randomly allocated into Baduanjin training or usual exercise control group. Baduanjin training will last 12 weeks (1 h per day, 5 days per week). The physical and psychological outcomes, including lumbar muscle strength, lumbar proprioception function, physical fitness, as well as self-reported symptom intensity, stress, self-esteem, mood, quality of life, quality of sleep, and adverse events, will be evaluated by blinded outcome assessors at baseline, 13 weeks (at the end of intervention), and 25 weeks (after the 12-week follow-up period).

Discussion

This protocol presents an objective design of a randomized, single-blind trial that aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Baduanjin exercise for physical and mental health of college students. If the outcome is positive, the results will provide higher-quality evidence to better inform the college students regarding their selection about whether to receive such exercise.

Trial registration

Chinese Clinical Trial Registry: ChiCTR-TRC-13003329

Registration date: 18 July, 2013.

Keywords:
Baduanjin exercise; College students; Physical health; Mental health; Randomized controlled trial