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Open Access Study protocol

Pylorus resection or pylorus preservation in partial pancreatico-duodenectomy (PROPP study): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Thilo Hackert14*, Thomas Bruckner2, Colette Dörr-Harim3, Markus K Diener13, Phillip Knebel13, Werner Hartwig1, Oliver Strobel1, Stefan Fritz1, Lutz Schneider1, Jens Werner1 and Markus W Büchler1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, Heidelberg, 69120, Germany

2 Institute of Medical Biometry and Informatics, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 305, Heidelberg, 69120, Germany

3 Study Centre of the German Surgical Society and Department of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, Heidelberg, 69120, Germany

4 Department of Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, Heidelberg, 69120, Germany

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Trials 2013, 14:44  doi:10.1186/1745-6215-14-44

Published: 14 February 2013

Abstract

Background

Partial pancreatico-duodenectomy (PD) is the standard treatment for tumors of the pancreatic head. Today, preservation of the pylorus has been widely accepted as the surgical standard in this procedure. A common postoperative complication is the occurrence of delayed gastric emptying (DGE), which causes impairment of oral intake andpatients’ quality of life, prolongation of hospital stay and delay of further treatment (for example adjuvant chemotherapy). In a small number of two retrospective and one randomized studies, a modification by resection of the pylorus with preservation of the stomach has shown to reduce DGE incidence. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect of pylorus resection on postoperative DGE in PD.

Methods/Design

Patients undergoing elective PD for any indication equal or older than 18 years and who have given informed consent will be included. Patients will be randomized to either PD with pylorus preservation or PD with pylorus resection and complete stomach preservation. Sample size (n = 89 patients per group) is calculated on an assumed difference in DGE incidence of 20%. Primary study endpoint is DGE within 30 days; secondary endpoints are operation time, blood loss, morbidity, mortality, hospital stay and quality of life (QoL).

Discussion

DGE is a relevant clinical problem following PD with a great impact on patients’ recovery, length of hospital stay, QoL and consecutive adjuvant therapies. As there is no causal therapy, prevention of DGE is essential to improve outcome. The technical modification of pylorus resection may offer a simple and effective method for this purpose. The present study is designed to increase the existing body of evidence and potentially change the future standard surgical procedure of PD.

Trial registration

German Clinical Trials Register DRKS00004191.

Keywords:
Partial pancreatico-duodenectomy; Pylorus preservation; Pylorus resection; Randomized trial