Open Access Open Badges Study protocol

PAHA study: Psychological Active and Healthy Aging: psychological wellbeing, proactive attitude and happiness effects of whole-body vibration versus Multicomponent Training in aged women: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Angelo Compare16*, Cristina Zarbo1, Elena Marín2, Alessia Meloni1, Jacobo A Rubio-Arias2, Rosendo Berengüí2, Enzo Grossi4, Edo Shonin3, Gianmaria Martini5 and Pedro E Alcaraz2

Author Affiliations

1 University of Bergamo, Human Factors and Technologies in Healthcare Research Center, Bergamo, Italy

2 Universidad Católica San Antonio de Murcia, Campus de los Jerónimos s/n., 30107, Guadalupe, Murcia, Spain

3 Nottingham Trent University (UK), Nottingham, UK

4 Villa Santa Maria, Tavernerio, Como. Fondazione Bracco, Milano, Italy

5 Department of Engineering and Applied Sciences, University of Bergamo, Bergamo, Italy

6 University of Bergamo, P.le S.Agostino, 2/24129 Bergamo, Italy

For all author emails, please log on.

Trials 2014, 15:177  doi:10.1186/1745-6215-15-177

Published: 20 May 2014



Evidence demonstrates that physical exercise and psychological wellbeing are closely interlinked, particularly in older-aged women. However, research investigating how different forms of exercise influence mental health in older-aged women is underdeveloped.


A randomized controlled trial (N = 300) will assess the relative effectiveness of two different exercise programs (whole-body vibration and Multicomponent Training) for improving psychological wellbeing in older-aged women. The following outcomes will be assessed at three time points (that is, pre, post, and follow-up): psychological wellbeing, proactive attitude, quality of life, and happiness.


Results will have important implications for preventing psychological and physiological disease in older-aged women and for managing health-related costs for this population group.

Trial registration

Number NCT01966562 on Clinical Gov database the 8 October 2013

Physical activity; Aging; Women; Quality of life; Prevention; Psychological wellbeing; Proactive attitude; Happiness