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Open Access Study protocol

Dual antiplatelet therapy in patients with aspirin resistance following coronary artery bypass grafting: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial [NCT01159639]

Hrvoje Gasparovic*, Mate Petricevic, Tomislav Kopjar, Zeljko Djuric, Lucija Svetina and Bojan Biocina

Author Affiliations

Department of Cardiac Surgery, University Hospital Center Zagreb, University of Zagreb, Kispaticeva 12, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia

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Trials 2012, 13:148  doi:10.1186/1745-6215-13-148

Published: 25 August 2012

Abstract

Background

Coronary artery disease remains the dominant cause of mortality in developed countries. While platelets have been recognized to play a pivotal role in atherothrombosis, the ideal antiplatelet regime after coronary artery surgery remains elusive.

The evolution of CABG has presently moved beyond technical improvements to involve modulation of pharmacologic management designed to improve patient outcomes. The aim of this trial will be to test the hypothesis that the addition of clopidogrel to patients with documented postoperative aspirin resistance will reduce the incidence of major cardiovascular events.

Methods

Patients scheduled for isolated coronary artery surgery will be eligible for the study. Patients in whom postoperative multiple electrode aggregometry documents aspirin resistance will be randomized into two groups. The control group will receive 300 mg of aspirin. The dual antiplatelet group will receive 75 mg of clopidogrel in addition to 300 mg of aspirin. Patients will be followed for 6 months. Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (death from any cause, myocardial infarction, stroke, hospitalization due to cardiovascular pathology) as well as bleeding events will be recorded.

Discussion

This will be the first trial that will specifically address the issue of dual antiplatelet therapy in patients undergoing coronary artery surgery who have been found to be aspirin resistant. In the event that the addition of clopidogrel proves to be beneficial in this subset of surgical patients, this study could significantly impact their future antiplatelet management.

This randomized controlled trial has been registered at the ClinicalTrials.gov website (Identifier NCT01159639).

Keywords:
Dual antiplatelet therapy; Coronary artery bypass grafting; Aspirin resistance