A nurse- and peer-led support program to assist women in gynaecological oncology receiving curative radiotherapy, the PeNTAGOn study (Peer and nurse support trial to assist women in gynaecological oncology): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial
1 Department of Cancer Experiences Research, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, 3002, East Melbourne, Vic, Australia
2 Sir Peter MacCallum Department of Oncology, The University of Melbourne, 3010, Parkville, Vic, Australia
3 School of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing, The University of Melbourne, 3010, Parkville, Vic, Australia
4 Centre for Medical Psychology & Evidence-based Decision making, University of Sydney, 2006, Sydney, NSW, Australia
5 Department of Gynaecological Oncology, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, 3002, East Melbourne, Vic, Australia
6 Sydney Nursing School, University of Sydney, 2006, Sydney, NSW, Australia
7 Sydney Cancer Centre, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, 2050, Camperdown, NSW, Australia
8 Cancer Institute NSW, PO Box 41, 1435, Alexandria, NSW, Australia
Trials 2013, 14:39 doi:10.1186/1745-6215-14-39Published: 11 February 2013
Women who undergo radiotherapy for gynaecological cancer (GC) can experience distressing side effects which impact on psychosocial functioning and intimate relationships. Cancer-related distress may be ameliorated by comprehensive preparation for treatment and addressing women’s informational, physical, psychological and psychosexual needs. This paper describes the protocol for a multisite randomised controlled trial (RCT) testing a novel intervention package which combines tailored specialist nursing consultations and telephone peer support with the primary aim to reduce psychological distress. Secondary aims assess patient quality of life, symptom distress, unmet supportive care needs, preparation for treatment, psychosexual functioning and vaginal stenosis.
This multifaceted intervention comprises four nurse-led consultations coupled with four phone calls from a peer support volunteer (GC survivor). The evidence-based intervention will be delivered at critical points in the illness trajectory: pre-treatment, mid-treatment, treatment completion and post-treatment. Nurses and peers undergo 2-day intensive training workshops, are guided by comprehensive study intervention manuals and receive ongoing supervision and support. Eligible patients will have a diagnosis of GC, be scheduled to receive curative radiotherapy, be aged 18 years or over and speak English. Three-hundred and six participants will be randomized to receive usual care or usual care with the intervention package. Study outcome measures will be collected at baseline, day 1 of radiotherapy and 1, 6 and 12 months post radiotherapy. Clinical assessments of vaginal toxicity will occur at baseline, and 3, 6, and 12 months post radiotherapy.
This timely research has the potential to substantially reduce the physical, psychosexual and supportive care needs of women with GC. Using a telephone peer support model, the intervention package ensures equitable access to support services for geographically isolated patients. The novel intervention engages peer volunteers who liaise with nurses to encourage adherence to professionally-delivered information and provide emotional support. It has been designed to be potentially transferable to a range of treatment settings and diseases. Based on pilot data, the proposed intervention was found to be useful and acceptable to patients and clinicians. If effective and feasible in the multisite RCT, the program could be widely disseminated.
Australian New Zealand Clinical Trial Registry ACTRN12611000744954