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Open Access Study protocol

Electroacupuncture for pressure ulcer: a study protocol for a randomized controlled pilot trial

Qin-hong Zhang2, Jin-huan Yue2 and Zhong-ren Sun12*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, First Affiliated Hospital of Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Harbin 150040, China

2 Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Second Affiliated Hospital of Heilongjiang, University of Chinese Medicine, 24 Heiping Road, Xiangfang District, Harbin Heilongjiang Province 150040, China

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Trials 2014, 15:7  doi:10.1186/1745-6215-15-7

Published: 6 January 2014

Abstract

Background

Pressure ulcers are one of the most common health complaints, which often take months or years to heal, and affect patients’ morbidity and quality of life. Medical options for pressure ulcers are limited. Electroacupuncture (EA) has been employed to relieve the symptoms for patients with pressure ulcers, but there is limited clinical evidence for its effectiveness.

Methods/Design

This study consists of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) with two parallel arms: a control group and an EA group. Both groups will receive standard wound care (including changing position, using mattresses and cushions, and a good diet) of five sessions per week for a total of 40 sessions during the 8-week treatment period. In addition, the EA group will receive the EA intervention. The following outcome measurements will be used in examination of participants: wound surface area (WSA), visual analogue scale (VAS), and the proportion of ulcers healed within trial period (PUHTP). All the outcomes will be evaluated at the start of the study, at the end of the fourth week, at 8 weeks after randomization, and 1 month after treatment cessation.

Discussion

The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of EA for the treatment of patients with pressure ulcers.

Trial registration

Chinese Clinical Trial Register: ChiCTR-TRC-11001693

Keywords:
Electroacupuncture; Pressure ulcers; Bedsores; Randomized controlled trial